Dave Bartels

Dave Bartels

Radiation-induced Chemistry in high temperature water


Notre Dame Radiation Lab
Argonne National Lab
Ph.D., Northwestern University
B.A., Hope College

Research Interests

Fast Kinetics of Free Radical Reactions — Free radicals are generated in virtually all radiation-initiated processes, and are responsible for most of the permanent chemical changes. The recombination reactions are often diffusion limited or nearly so, but also depend on pairing of spin to produce stable singlet products. This gives rise to the fascinating Chemically Induced Dynamic Electron Polarization (CIDEP) phenomenon in their time-resolved EPR spectra, and Chemically Induced Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (CIDNP) in NMR spectra of the recombination products, where some lines appear with negative phase due to population inversions.

Radiation Chemistry and Photochemistry of Water — To ionize water molecules in the gas phase requires at least 12.6 eV of energy, but dissociation of water to produce (H+)aq, (e-)aq, and OH radicals can be accomplished in liquid water with 6 eV photons in a photochemical event that is still not well understood. What is the nature of electronically excited liquid water, and how can we explain the escape yields of H atoms, OH radicals, and solvated electrons?

Solvent Effects on Reaction Rates in Supercritical Water — Supercritical water is proposed as the coolant for efficient Generation-IV nuclear reactors, and is the medium for an important advanced oxidation technology for hazardous waste destruction. The properties of water change dramatically in the supercritical region as the water density changes continuously between zero and 1 g/cc. The primary free radicals in water – hydrated electrons, H atoms, and OH radicals – are respectively ionic, hydrophobic, and dipolar, providing opportunity to investigate nearly all possible solvent effects using radiolysis excitation. Many strange effects are being found, such as rate constants that decrease as the temperature is raised.

Recent Papers

  • Delgado, H. E., Radomsky, R. C., Martin, D. C., Bartels, D. M., Rumbach, P., Go, D. B. "Effect of competing oxidizing reactions and transport limitation on the faradaic efficiency in plasma electrolysis" 2019 Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 166 (6), pp. E181-E186. DOI:10.1149/2.0881906jes.
  • Janik, I., Lisovskaya, A., Bartels, D. M. "Partial Molar Volume of the Hydrated Electron" 2019 Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 10 (9), pp. 2220-2226. DOI:10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b00445.
  • Lisovskaya, A., Bartels, D. M. "Reduction of CO2 by hydrated electrons in high temperature water" 2019 Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 158 pp. 61-63. DOI:10.1016/j.radphyschem.2019.01.017.
  • Rumbach, P., Bartels, D. M., Go, D. B. "The penetration and concentration of solvated electrons and hydroxyl radicals at a plasma-liquid interface" 2018 Plasma Sources Science and Technology, 27 (11), DOI:10.1088/1361-6595/aaed07.
  • Delgado, H.E., Rumbach, P., Bartels, D.M., Go, D.B. "Total internal reflection absorption spectroscopy (TIRAS) for the detection of solvated electrons at a plasma-liquid interface" 2018 Journal of Visualized Experiments, 2018 (131), e56833. DOI: 10.3791/56833
  • Raiman, S.S., Bartels, D.M., Was, G.S. "Radiolysis driven changes to oxide stability during irradiation-corrosion of 316L stainless steel in high temperature water" 2017 Journal of Nuclear Materials, 493, pp. 40-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.05.042

Contact Information

  • Concurrent Professor
  • Office: 203C Radiation Research Laboratory
  • Phone: 574-631-5561
  • Send an email

Primary Research Areas

Research Specialties