Henry J. Massman Professor of Civil & Environmental Engineering & Earth Sciences; Concurrent Professor
- 301W Stinson-Remick Hall
Notre Dame, IN 46556
- +1 574-631-7852
- Inorganic Chemistry
Prospective Graduate Students
|2014-present||Director, Center for Sustainable Energy at Notre Dame|
|2009-present||Director, Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides|
|2009-present||Henry Massman Professor of Civil & Environmental Engineering & Earth Sciences, University of Notre Dame|
|2007-present||Concurrent Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame|
|2002-2009||Professor of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University of Notre Dame|
|2002-present||Special Term Appointment, Chemistry Division, Argonne National Lab|
|2000-2002||Massman Associate Professor of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University of Notre Dame|
|1999-2002||Associate Professor of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University of Notre Dame|
|1997-1999||Assistant Professor of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University of Notre Dame|
|1996-1997||Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Geology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign|
|1995-1996||NSERC Post-Doctoral Fellow, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of New Mexico|
|1994-1995||NSERC Post-Doctoral Fellow, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge|
|1994||Ph.D. in Geology, University of Manitoba|
|1990||M.Sc. in Geology, University of Western Ontario|
|1988||B.Sc. in Geology with Honours, University of New Brunswick|
2016 Peacock Medal of the Mineralogical Association of Canada
2003 Mineral burnsite named by Russian and Canadian scientists
2001 Mineralogical Society of America Award and Life Fellow
1999 Donath Medal of the Geological Society of America
1998 Young Scientist Medal of the Mineralogical Association of Canada
1997 Hawley Medal (best paper award) of the Mineralogical Association of Canada
Burns is Director of the Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides. This EFRC, which is funded by the Department of Energy, includes senior researchers and students at six universities and three national laboratories. The Center research emphasizes basic research in actinide chemistry and materials science to help create the foundation of knowledge needed for an advanced nuclear energy system of the future. The Center emphasizes complex actinide materials, the control of actinides at the nano-scale, and actinide materials under extreme environments of pressure, temperature, and radiation field.
Burns' research focuses on the solid state and environmental chemistry of heavy metals, especially actinides including uranium, neptunium and plutonium. Studies of natural crystals coupled with synthetic approaches are being used to develop the structural hierarchical relationships in actinide compounds. Aggregation of metals in solution, and subsequent crystallization of molecular clusters, is examined using conventional crystallographic techniques coupled with synchrotron X-ray scattering. Current emphasis includes studies of the structures and stabilities of uranium, thorium and plutonium clusters containing as many as 120 metal atoms. Much of this research is applied to nuclear waste disposal and understanding the mobility of actinides and heavy metals in the environment. The structures, compositions, stabilities, and thermochemistry of uranium compounds is studied in relation to the evolution of a geological repository for nuclear waste, as well as natural uranium deposits.
- Benjamin, S. E.; LaVerne, J. A.; Sigmon, G. E. and Burns, P. C. "Investigation of Radiation Effects in the Uranyl Mineral Metaschoepite" 2023 Inorganic Chemistry, 62 (29), pp.11602-11610. DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.3c01337.
- Felton, D. E.; Galeas, B. E. and Burns, P. C. "Cation Directed Formation of Uranyl Phosphonocarboxylates Frameworks Comprised of Cross-Linked Chains" 2023 Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 323, 124023. DOI: 10.1016/j.jssc.2023.124023.
- Rodriguez, V. G. and Burns, P. C. "Electrospray Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry with Collision Induced Dissociation of Uranyl Peroxide Nanoclusters Containing various Uranyl Bridging Ligands" 2023 Chemistry-A European Journal, 29 (39), e202300794. DOI: 10.1002/chem.202300794.
- Dede, S.; Manukyan, K. V.; Roach, J. M.; Robertson, D.; Burns, P. C. and Aprahamian, A. "Irradiation-Enhanced Interactions at UO2/Al2O3/Al Interfaces" 2023 Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 127 (20), pp.9850-9857. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.3c01155.
- Puzio, B.; Zhang, L.; Szymanowski, J.; Burns, P. C. and Manecki, M. "Thermodynamic Characterization of Synthetic Lead-Arsenate Apatites with Different Halogen Substitutions" 2023 American Mineralogist, 108 (4), pp.675-685. DOI: 10.2138/am-2020-7452.
- Rodriguez, V. G.; Culbertson, H. J.; Sigmon, G. E. and Burns, P. C. "Electrochemistry of Uranyl Peroxide Solutions during Electrospray Ionization" 2023 Inorganic Chemistry, 62 (11), pp.4456-4466. DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.2c03904.